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What are the basic parts of the car?

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Whether you work on your car yourself or take it to a mechanic, knowing the typical parts of a car will help you make informed vehicle care decisions. 


To keep your vehicle’s engine from overheating, the radiator is a heat exchanger that removes heat from the fluid in the cooling system. The radiator is filled with hot coolant, which can exchange heat with the passing air.

Check your radiator’s coolant levels twice a year for general maintenance. Although replacing a radiator can take the better part of a day, it is a simple DIY project. If you need to replace your radiator, follow AutoZone’s step-by-step instructions. Additionally, because each vehicle is slightly different, you should consult your car’s repair handbook.


The AC Compressor is in charge of circulating coolant through your system and initiating the cooling process. The air conditioning system will not function without it. Summer heat demonstrates the importance of your vehicle’s air conditioning system, so we have put together information on how it works and how to recharge it if it breaks down.


The battery stores energy in chemical form so that it can be released as electricity to power the electrical components of your car. 

A means of connecting the battery to the vehicle’s electrical system is known as a battery terminal. Post or top, side, and L are the three types of battery terminals.

Battery Capacity: A battery’s energy output measured in amp/hours.

Cold Cranking Amps (CCA): The amount of current that the battery can give to the vehicle is measured in CCA.

The group size is exactly what it sounds like: the battery’s capacity.


An alternator is an electricity-generating device that converts mechanical energy into alternating current electrical energy. Along with the battery, it is used to provide power to your vehicle’s electrical system. The alternator also uses mechanical energy created by the vehicle’s parts to recharge the battery.

If your battery isn’t charging and seems to be swollen, it’s possible that your alternator has a defective voltage and has overheated the battery. Stop by your nearest T-Serv workshop for assistance in getting back on the road.


When a vehicle is stopped or parked, the brake system is utilized to slow it down and/or prevent it from moving. Disc brakes and drum brakes are the two most prevalent systems. The following are some of the most common disc brake parts:

Calipers are non-rotational disc brake components that span the disc and contain hydraulic components that force the brake pads against the rotor to slow or stop the vehicle. It can be situated in the vehicle’s front or rear.

Brake Pad: The friction material pad that the caliper presses against the disc to slow or stop a vehicle. It is also a term that is frequently used to refer to brake lining.


Shock absorbers are hydraulic devices used in the suspension system at each wheel to help control the up, down, and rolling motion of the car body by dampening the oscillations or jounce of the springs when the automobile drives over bumps, hence improving vehicle safety and passenger comfort. Depending on the vehicle, it’s also known as a shock or a strut.

A typical shock absorber has three functions:

Reduce the influence of spring oscillation on a vehicle’s ride stability.

Control the swing of your body.

Reduce the chances of a tyre tread rising from the road (a problem often caused by static unbalance)


A vehicle’s transmission is a gearing system that allows for varying ratios between the engine output and differential input. Automobile gearboxes are more complicated than bicycle transmissions, but they provide the same basic function: they allow the driver (or the engine computer) to select smaller or bigger ratios to maximize driving conditions without overworking the engine. 


This is a device that converts one substance into another.

The catalytic converter is a stainless steel component in an automobile exhaust system that contains a catalyst to reduce nitrogen oxides (NOX), hydrocarbons (HC), and carbon monoxide (CO) in tailpipe emissions. It is used to eliminate contaminants and reduce the environmental impact of exhaust gases.


The muffler is located right before the exhaust pipe’s termination and is responsible for lowering the exhaust system’s noise. It reduces exhaust gas flow, making the ride quieter. Some mufflers restrict gas flow to varying degrees, resulting in quieter or louder exhaust sounds.

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